soil


soil
soil
soil1 [soil]
n.
[ME soile < Anglo-Fr soil, for OFr suel < L solum, floor, ground, soil]
1. the surface layer of earth, supporting plant life
2. any place for growth or development
3. land; country; territory [native soil]
4. ground or earth [barren soil]
——————
the soil
life and work on a farm
soilless
adj.
soil2 [soil]
vt.
[ME soilen < OFr souiller < VL * suculare < L suculus, dim. of sus, pig: see SOW1]
1. to make dirty, esp. on the surface
2. to smirch or stain
3. to bring disgrace upon
4. to corrupt or defile; sully
vi.
to become soiled or dirty
n.
[ME soile < OFr soil, pig sty < L suile < sus]
1. a soiled spot; stain; smirch
2. manure used for fertilizing
3. excrement, sewage, refuse, etc.
4. a soiling or being soiled
soil3 [soil]
vt.
[altered < ? OFr saoler < L satullare, to satiate < satullus, filled (with food), dim. of satur: see SATURATE]
1. to feed (livestock) on soilage
2. to purge (livestock) by means of green food

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Soil — Soil, n. [OE. soile, F. sol, fr. L. solum bottom, soil; but the word has probably been influenced in form by soil a miry place. Cf. {Saloon}, {Soil} a miry place, {Sole} of the foot.] 1. The upper stratum of the earth; the mold, or that compound… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Soil — Soil, n. [OF. soil, souil, F. souille, from OF. soillier, F. souiller. See {Soil} to make dirty.] A marshy or miry place to which a hunted boar resorts for refuge; hence, a wet place, stream, or tract of water, sought for by other game, as deer.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Soil — (soil), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Soiled} (soild); p. pr. & vb. n. {Soiling}.] [OF. saoler, saouler, to satiate, F. so[^u]ler, L. satullare, fr. satullus, dim. of satur sated. See {Satire}.] To feed, as cattle or horses, in the barn or an inclosure,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Soil — Soil, v. t. To enrich with soil or muck; to manure. [1913 Webster] Men . . . soil their ground, not that they love the dirt, but that they expect a crop. South. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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